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Sugar in Urine: What does it mean?

sugar in urine Sugar in urine is an abnormal finding. Normally, the kidney filters blood in such a way that it holds on to blood sugar, keeping it in the blood. No glucose should be present in the urine under normal circumstances. Sugar can be found in urine in conditions where the blood glucose levels are high, hyperglycemia, as occurs with diabetes mellitus.

How is it measured?

A simple urinalysis can be performed quickly and easily from a urine sample. It identifies several abnormalities in urine which can be associated with various condistions. While a basic urinalysis gives a very crude estimate of whether there is sugar in the urine or not, more advanced laboratory testing can measure the exact amount of glucose in the urine.

What does it mean?

Diabetes, with increased blood sugar, is a common cause of sugar in the urine. However, other conditions can cause this finding on urinalysis. Some situations in which sugar may be found in the urine, other than diabetes, include kidney disease, other endocrine disorders, pregnancy with or without gestational diabetes, and other more rare conditions. While sugar in the urine alone is not diagnostic of any one disease, it can help in the screening for diabetes and other disorders and may indicate the need for further testing, such as a glucose tolerance test.

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Disclaimer: This site offers general reference information about diabetes, its symptoms and treatments. It is intended for general education and reference purposes. This site is not intended to offer medical advice. Every patient is different, and only their own personal physicians can counsel them about what is the best course of management for their particular situation and condition.
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